Science Publishing Group: International Journal of High Energy Physics: Table of Contents
<i>International Journal of High Energy Physics (IJHEP) </i>, a peer-reviewed open access journal published bimonthly in English-language, provides a international forum for publishing the study of the existence of particles that are the constituents of what is usually referred to as matter or radiation. The journal aims to ensure fast and efficient online publication tools to the scientific community, while keeping that community in charge of every aspect of the peer-review and publication process in order to ensure the highest quality standards in the journal.
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/j/ijhep Science Publishing Group: International Journal of High Energy Physics: Table of Contents
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International Journal of High Energy Physics
International Journal of High Energy Physics
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Logarithmic Running of ‘t Hooft-Polyakov Monopole to Dark Energy
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20140101.11
The paper presents a particle physicists’ interpretation of the mathematical abstract concept of a five dimensional empty set as the source of dark energy and dark matter. It turns out that the simplest alternative physical interpretation at least from the view point of the GUT unification of fundamental interaction is the theoretically well established but experimentally never found yet ‘t Hooft-Polyakov magnetic giant monopole with the predicted huge mass of ten to the power of 16 Gev. In fact it will be shown here using exact renormalization equations that running the preceding energy logarithmically leads to a prediction of the ordinary and the total dark energy density of the cosmos in complete agreement with our earlier result E(O) = mc2/22 and E(D) = mc2(21/22) based on the afore mentioned set theoretical concepts as well as with all the relatively recent cosmological measurements. The decisive steps in the present derivation consists of two realizations. First and to our deepest surprise and delight, E =γmc2 = mc2 is actually a unification formula uniting classical, relativistic and quantum mechanics where γ= 1 corresponds to a 100% energy density. Second and also not expectedly, the logarithmic running of ‘t Hooft-Polyakov’s monopole energy leads to a reduction factor γ= 1/λwhere λ=1/2 ln (M(monopole))/(m(electron))=22.18033989, in full agreement with our previous results using entirely different approaches. Finally the results are validated using ‘t Hooft’s dimensional regularization D = 4 ∈ by setting = 2∅^5 where ∅^5 is Hardy’s quantum entanglement and φ=2/ √5+1.
The paper presents a particle physicists’ interpretation of the mathematical abstract concept of a five dimensional empty set as the source of dark energy and dark matter. It turns out that the simplest alternative physical interpretation at least from the view point of the GUT unification of fundamental interaction is the theoretically well established but experimentally never found yet ‘t Hooft-Polyakov magnetic giant monopole with the predicted huge mass of ten to the power of 16 Gev. In fact it will be shown here using exact renormalization equations that running the preceding energy logarithmically leads to a prediction of the ordinary and the total dark energy density of the cosmos in complete agreement with our earlier result E(O) = mc2/22 and E(D) = mc2(21/22) based on the afore mentioned set theoretical concepts as well as with all the relatively recent cosmological measurements. The decisive steps in the present derivation consists of two realizations. First and to our deepest surprise and delight, E =γmc2 = mc2 is actually a unification formula uniting classical, relativistic and quantum mechanics where γ= 1 corresponds to a 100% energy density. Second and also not expectedly, the logarithmic running of ‘t Hooft-Polyakov’s monopole energy leads to a reduction factor γ= 1/λwhere λ=1/2 ln (M(monopole))/(m(electron))=22.18033989, in full agreement with our previous results using entirely different approaches. Finally the results are validated using ‘t Hooft’s dimensional regularization D = 4 ∈ by setting = 2∅^5 where ∅^5 is Hardy’s quantum entanglement and φ=2/ √5+1.
Logarithmic Running of ‘t Hooft-Polyakov Monopole to Dark Energy
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.20140101.11
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2014-01-01
© Science Publishing Group
M. S. El Naschie
Logarithmic Running of ‘t Hooft-Polyakov Monopole to Dark Energy
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5
5
2014-01-01
2014-01-01
10.11648/j.ijhep.20140101.11
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20140101.11
© Science Publishing Group
Relativistic Meson-Proton and Proton-Proton Cross- Sections and Quantum Molecular Dynamics Model
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20140101.12
Above 104 GeV/c projectile momenta, the total cross-sections for pp and( p) ̅ p collisions as a function of laboratory beam momentum and center of mass energy, are independent. In the range, 0.1 up to 104 GeV/c the total cross-section depends on the nature of the interacting particles and on the geometrical interpretations in terms of the impact parameter. This could explain in terms of the Quantum Molecular Dynamic QMD model and its ultra relativistic approach UrQMD, in terms of the isospin of the colliding particles, their flavor, and center of mass energies. The model can give also a qualitative success for such dependencies for π^+ p and k^+ p interactions.
Above 104 GeV/c projectile momenta, the total cross-sections for pp and( p) ̅ p collisions as a function of laboratory beam momentum and center of mass energy, are independent. In the range, 0.1 up to 104 GeV/c the total cross-section depends on the nature of the interacting particles and on the geometrical interpretations in terms of the impact parameter. This could explain in terms of the Quantum Molecular Dynamic QMD model and its ultra relativistic approach UrQMD, in terms of the isospin of the colliding particles, their flavor, and center of mass energies. The model can give also a qualitative success for such dependencies for π^+ p and k^+ p interactions.
Relativistic Meson-Proton and Proton-Proton Cross- Sections and Quantum Molecular Dynamics Model
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.20140101.12
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2014-01-01
© Science Publishing Group
Ahmed Mohamed Abdalla
Relativistic Meson-Proton and Proton-Proton Cross- Sections and Quantum Molecular Dynamics Model
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1
12
12
2014-01-01
2014-01-01
10.11648/j.ijhep.20140101.12
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20140101.12
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Hardy’s Entanglement as the Ultimate Explanation for the Observed Cosmic Dark Energy and Accelerated Expansion
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20140102.11
We reason that Hardy’s probability of quantum entanglement marks the transition from a smooth 4D to a rugged fractal-like K3 Kähler spacetime. The associated eigenvalue constituting the measurable ordinary energy density in this case is given by Einstein’s celebrated formula E = mc2 divided by 22 where m is the mass and c is the speed of light. That way the missing energy is concluded to be a hypothetical so called dark energy amounting to E(D) = E E(O) where E(O) is the earlier mentioned measurable ordinary energy. By looking deeper at the nature of E(O) and E(D) components of E(Einstein) it becomes evident that E(O) is a quasi potential energy of the quantum particle modeled by the zero quantum set while E(D) is a quasi kinetic energy of the propagating quantum wave as modeled by the empty quantum set of our transfinite quantum set theory. A particularly highly interesting new result of the present work is a demonstration of the independence of dark energy density from the number of the spacetime dimensions of the corresponding theory used.
We reason that Hardy’s probability of quantum entanglement marks the transition from a smooth 4D to a rugged fractal-like K3 Kähler spacetime. The associated eigenvalue constituting the measurable ordinary energy density in this case is given by Einstein’s celebrated formula E = mc2 divided by 22 where m is the mass and c is the speed of light. That way the missing energy is concluded to be a hypothetical so called dark energy amounting to E(D) = E E(O) where E(O) is the earlier mentioned measurable ordinary energy. By looking deeper at the nature of E(O) and E(D) components of E(Einstein) it becomes evident that E(O) is a quasi potential energy of the quantum particle modeled by the zero quantum set while E(D) is a quasi kinetic energy of the propagating quantum wave as modeled by the empty quantum set of our transfinite quantum set theory. A particularly highly interesting new result of the present work is a demonstration of the independence of dark energy density from the number of the spacetime dimensions of the corresponding theory used.
Hardy’s Entanglement as the Ultimate Explanation for the Observed Cosmic Dark Energy and Accelerated Expansion
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.20140102.11
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2014-06-23
© Science Publishing Group
Mohamed S. El Naschie
Hardy’s Entanglement as the Ultimate Explanation for the Observed Cosmic Dark Energy and Accelerated Expansion
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17
17
2014-06-23
2014-06-23
10.11648/j.ijhep.20140102.11
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20140102.11
© Science Publishing Group
A Brief Report on Hubble Volume, Molar Electron Mass and the Four Cosmological Interactions
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Basic idea is - current cosmological changes may be reflected in any atom. At any given cosmic time, ‘Hubble length’ can be considered as the gravitational or electromagnetic interaction range. Some cosmologists use the term ‘Hubble volume’ to refer to the volume of the observable universe. With reference to the Mach’s principle and Hubble volume, at any cosmic time, if ‘Hubble mass’ is the product of cosmic ‘critical density’ and the ‘Hubble volume’, then it can be suggested that, each and every point in the free space is influenced by the Hubble mass. Clearly speaking, with Hubble volume and Hubble mass: quantum physics, nuclear physics and cosmic physics can be studied in a unified manner. In this new direction authors noticed some interesting coincidences. With reference to the present atomic and nuclear physical constants, present value of Hubble’s constant is close to (69.5 to 71) km/sec/Mpc. With reference to the microscopic coincidences it is possible to suggest that, current cosmic expansion is saturated and is being stopped by the microscopic physical constants.
Basic idea is - current cosmological changes may be reflected in any atom. At any given cosmic time, ‘Hubble length’ can be considered as the gravitational or electromagnetic interaction range. Some cosmologists use the term ‘Hubble volume’ to refer to the volume of the observable universe. With reference to the Mach’s principle and Hubble volume, at any cosmic time, if ‘Hubble mass’ is the product of cosmic ‘critical density’ and the ‘Hubble volume’, then it can be suggested that, each and every point in the free space is influenced by the Hubble mass. Clearly speaking, with Hubble volume and Hubble mass: quantum physics, nuclear physics and cosmic physics can be studied in a unified manner. In this new direction authors noticed some interesting coincidences. With reference to the present atomic and nuclear physical constants, present value of Hubble’s constant is close to (69.5 to 71) km/sec/Mpc. With reference to the microscopic coincidences it is possible to suggest that, current cosmic expansion is saturated and is being stopped by the microscopic physical constants.
A Brief Report on Hubble Volume, Molar Electron Mass and the Four Cosmological Interactions
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.20140102.12
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2014-08-19
© Science Publishing Group
U. V. S. Seshavatharam
S. Lakshminarayana
A Brief Report on Hubble Volume, Molar Electron Mass and the Four Cosmological Interactions
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37
37
2014-08-19
2014-08-19
10.11648/j.ijhep.20140102.12
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20140102.12
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The Mistery of the Universe: Accelerated Expansion, Dark Energy and Dark Matter
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20140103.11
The investigations into the structure of the gravitation field formed by stars, galaxies and their clusters have allowed an alternative explanation for the effect of red shift in stellar spectra; they also have “stopped” the expansion of the Universe and disregarded “dark” energy (DE). The characteristic features of the structure of gravitational field for large galaxies give a clear indication of the mysterious “dark” matter (DM) which enables eliminating it in the Universe. And, finally, the theory of granular space may prove the existence of the Universe as a unique one.
The investigations into the structure of the gravitation field formed by stars, galaxies and their clusters have allowed an alternative explanation for the effect of red shift in stellar spectra; they also have “stopped” the expansion of the Universe and disregarded “dark” energy (DE). The characteristic features of the structure of gravitational field for large galaxies give a clear indication of the mysterious “dark” matter (DM) which enables eliminating it in the Universe. And, finally, the theory of granular space may prove the existence of the Universe as a unique one.
The Mistery of the Universe: Accelerated Expansion, Dark Energy and Dark Matter
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.20140103.11
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2014-11-10
© Science Publishing Group
Vladimir Konushko
The Mistery of the Universe: Accelerated Expansion, Dark Energy and Dark Matter
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3
48
48
2014-11-10
2014-11-10
10.11648/j.ijhep.20140103.11
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20140103.11
© Science Publishing Group
Extensive Air Showers’ Arrival Direction Distribution by TBS Array
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20140104.11
Arrival zenith angle distribution for the Extensive Air Showers (EAS) with a wide range of number of charged particles is studied using the experimental data obtained using the EAS 4-detector array TBS in Tbilisi. The station is a part of the GELATICA net in Georgia (GEorgian Large-area Angle and Time Coincidence Array). This experiment is devoted to the study of possible correlations in the arrival times and directions of separate EAS events over large distances and to the Primary Cosmic Ray energy spectrum investigation at very high energies. It is shown that the distribution function with the exponential dependence of showers’ flux on absorbing atmospheric depth provides a good approximation for the angular distribution despite the existing azimuth anisotropy of array. The dependence of the EAS absorption path estimation on the angular measure cutoff boundary is studied.
Arrival zenith angle distribution for the Extensive Air Showers (EAS) with a wide range of number of charged particles is studied using the experimental data obtained using the EAS 4-detector array TBS in Tbilisi. The station is a part of the GELATICA net in Georgia (GEorgian Large-area Angle and Time Coincidence Array). This experiment is devoted to the study of possible correlations in the arrival times and directions of separate EAS events over large distances and to the Primary Cosmic Ray energy spectrum investigation at very high energies. It is shown that the distribution function with the exponential dependence of showers’ flux on absorbing atmospheric depth provides a good approximation for the angular distribution despite the existing azimuth anisotropy of array. The dependence of the EAS absorption path estimation on the angular measure cutoff boundary is studied.
Extensive Air Showers’ Arrival Direction Distribution by TBS Array
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.20140104.11
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2014-12-05
© Science Publishing Group
Yuri Verbertsky
Manana Svanidze
Abesalom Iashvili
Levan Kakabadze
Extensive Air Showers’ Arrival Direction Distribution by TBS Array
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4
54
54
2014-12-05
2014-12-05
10.11648/j.ijhep.20140104.11
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20140104.11
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Casimir-Like Energy as a Double Eigenvalues of Quantumly Entangled System Leading to the Missing Dark Energy Density of the Cosmos
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20140105.11
Starting from a quantumly entangled system we derive the dark energy and ordinary energy density of the cosmos as a double Eigenvalue problem. In addition we validate the result using two different theories. The first theory is based on Witten’s 11 dimensional spacetime and the second is based on ‘tHooft’s fractal renormalization spacetime. In all cases the robust result is E(O) = mc2/22 for ordinary energy and E(D) = mc2(21/22) for the endophysical dark energy. Adding E(O) to E(D) we obtain Einstein’s famous equation which confirms special relativity although it adds a quantum twist to its interpretation. This new interpretation is vital because it brings relativity theory in line with modern cosmological measurements and observations. Wider technological aspects of the new insights are discussed in the light of E(D) = mc2/(21/22) being related to a Casimir-like energy.
Starting from a quantumly entangled system we derive the dark energy and ordinary energy density of the cosmos as a double Eigenvalue problem. In addition we validate the result using two different theories. The first theory is based on Witten’s 11 dimensional spacetime and the second is based on ‘tHooft’s fractal renormalization spacetime. In all cases the robust result is E(O) = mc2/22 for ordinary energy and E(D) = mc2(21/22) for the endophysical dark energy. Adding E(O) to E(D) we obtain Einstein’s famous equation which confirms special relativity although it adds a quantum twist to its interpretation. This new interpretation is vital because it brings relativity theory in line with modern cosmological measurements and observations. Wider technological aspects of the new insights are discussed in the light of E(D) = mc2/(21/22) being related to a Casimir-like energy.
Casimir-Like Energy as a Double Eigenvalues of Quantumly Entangled System Leading to the Missing Dark Energy Density of the Cosmos
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.20140105.11
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2014-12-29
© Science Publishing Group
Mohamed S. El Naschie
Casimir-Like Energy as a Double Eigenvalues of Quantumly Entangled System Leading to the Missing Dark Energy Density of the Cosmos
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5
63
63
2014-12-29
2014-12-29
10.11648/j.ijhep.20140105.11
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20140105.11
© Science Publishing Group
Possible Effects of Fierz Transformations on Vacua of Some four Fermion Interaction Models
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20150201.11
A theoretical research on possible effects of the Fierz transformations on the ground states (vacua) of some 2flavor four fermion (quark) interaction models has been systematically conducted. It has been shown that, based on the known criterions of the interplay between the antiquark-quark and diquark condensates, in 4D spacetime, for the given antiquark-quark channel couplings with chiral symmetry and from the heavy gluon exchange, the effects of the Fierz transformations are not enough to change the feature that the models’ vacua would be in the pure antiquark-quark condensate phases. However, for a given pure scalar diquark channel coupling with the strength HS, the Fierz transformations will lead to the nontrivial eﬀect that the model’s vacuum could be in the expected diquark condensate phase only if Nc<9 and HS is small, and as the increase of Nc and/or HS, the vacuum will get ﬁrst in a coexistence phase with diquark and antiquark-quark condensates then up to a pure antiquark-quark condensate phase until Nc goes to infinite. The similar conclusions are also drawn from relevant four fermion interaction models in 2D and 3D spacetime. The general significance of the research is indicated.
A theoretical research on possible effects of the Fierz transformations on the ground states (vacua) of some 2flavor four fermion (quark) interaction models has been systematically conducted. It has been shown that, based on the known criterions of the interplay between the antiquark-quark and diquark condensates, in 4D spacetime, for the given antiquark-quark channel couplings with chiral symmetry and from the heavy gluon exchange, the effects of the Fierz transformations are not enough to change the feature that the models’ vacua would be in the pure antiquark-quark condensate phases. However, for a given pure scalar diquark channel coupling with the strength HS, the Fierz transformations will lead to the nontrivial eﬀect that the model’s vacuum could be in the expected diquark condensate phase only if Nc<9 and HS is small, and as the increase of Nc and/or HS, the vacuum will get ﬁrst in a coexistence phase with diquark and antiquark-quark condensates then up to a pure antiquark-quark condensate phase until Nc goes to infinite. The similar conclusions are also drawn from relevant four fermion interaction models in 2D and 3D spacetime. The general significance of the research is indicated.
Possible Effects of Fierz Transformations on Vacua of Some four Fermion Interaction Models
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.20150201.11
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2015-02-01
© Science Publishing Group
Bang Rong Zhou
Possible Effects of Fierz Transformations on Vacua of Some four Fermion Interaction Models
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1
12
12
2015-02-01
2015-02-01
10.11648/j.ijhep.20150201.11
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20150201.11
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Banach Spacetime-Like Dvoretzky Volume Concentration as Cosmic Holographic Dark Energy
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20150201.12
We start from Banach spaces motivated theory of convex geometry in high dimensionality and give a new additional confirmation of previous derivations of the 96 per cent dark energy density of the cosmos. The result derives directly from the purely geometric-topological phenomenon of measure-mass concentration and gives an unqualified complete confirmation of our previous analysis including the hidden quantum nature of Einstein’s celebrated equation E = mc2. The straight forward relation to holographic dark energy and its endophysical nature is also outlined.
We start from Banach spaces motivated theory of convex geometry in high dimensionality and give a new additional confirmation of previous derivations of the 96 per cent dark energy density of the cosmos. The result derives directly from the purely geometric-topological phenomenon of measure-mass concentration and gives an unqualified complete confirmation of our previous analysis including the hidden quantum nature of Einstein’s celebrated equation E = mc2. The straight forward relation to holographic dark energy and its endophysical nature is also outlined.
Banach Spacetime-Like Dvoretzky Volume Concentration as Cosmic Holographic Dark Energy
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.20150201.12
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2015-02-02
© Science Publishing Group
Mohamed S. El Naschie
Banach Spacetime-Like Dvoretzky Volume Concentration as Cosmic Holographic Dark Energy
2
1
21
21
2015-02-02
2015-02-02
10.11648/j.ijhep.20150201.12
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20150201.12
© Science Publishing Group
Proton−Proton Total Cross−Section Based On New Data of Colliders and Cosmic Rays
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20150202.12
High energy colliders (accelerators) are fundamental tools in many branches of science. Similarly, cosmic rays observatories are one of the windows to study the universe and high energy particle processes. The last advances in these fields are respectively the LHC (Large Hadron Collider) and the Pierre Auger Observatory. Among the main subjects studied in hadronic physics is the proton-proton (pp) elastic scattering. The Total Cross-Section (σpp), has been recently measured at 7 and 8 TeV in the LHC, and at 57 TeV in the Pierre Auger Observatory. Importance of the σpp lies in studies of elastic and diffractive scattering of protons, and to model the development of showers induced by the interaction of ultra high energy cosmic rays in the atmosphere. The gap in data between accelerators and cosmic ray experiment energies does not allow for the exact knowledge of σpp with energy. Furthermore, since cosmic rays results are of indirect nature, there is consequently a high dispersion in predictions of different authors at this regard. Using the new data, we show here that within the frame of the first-order Glauber multiple diffraction theory the overall data fits very successfully. Our results shows that σpp grows more slowly (compared with previous predictions), within narrow error bands that avoid any fast slope change. We predict that the future experimental value at 13 TeV from the LHC will fall nicely within our fitting curve. Our phenomenological approach allows for the calculation of σpp for any other energy value either at the colliders or cosmic ray energies. A deep knowledge, control and handle of hadron-hadron interactions at very high energies will have useful implications in many branches of physics.
High energy colliders (accelerators) are fundamental tools in many branches of science. Similarly, cosmic rays observatories are one of the windows to study the universe and high energy particle processes. The last advances in these fields are respectively the LHC (Large Hadron Collider) and the Pierre Auger Observatory. Among the main subjects studied in hadronic physics is the proton-proton (pp) elastic scattering. The Total Cross-Section (σpp), has been recently measured at 7 and 8 TeV in the LHC, and at 57 TeV in the Pierre Auger Observatory. Importance of the σpp lies in studies of elastic and diffractive scattering of protons, and to model the development of showers induced by the interaction of ultra high energy cosmic rays in the atmosphere. The gap in data between accelerators and cosmic ray experiment energies does not allow for the exact knowledge of σpp with energy. Furthermore, since cosmic rays results are of indirect nature, there is consequently a high dispersion in predictions of different authors at this regard. Using the new data, we show here that within the frame of the first-order Glauber multiple diffraction theory the overall data fits very successfully. Our results shows that σpp grows more slowly (compared with previous predictions), within narrow error bands that avoid any fast slope change. We predict that the future experimental value at 13 TeV from the LHC will fall nicely within our fitting curve. Our phenomenological approach allows for the calculation of σpp for any other energy value either at the colliders or cosmic ray energies. A deep knowledge, control and handle of hadron-hadron interactions at very high energies will have useful implications in many branches of physics.
Proton−Proton Total Cross−Section Based On New Data of Colliders and Cosmic Rays
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.20150202.12
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2015-04-22
© Science Publishing Group
Jorge Pérez-Peraza
Alejandro Sánchez Hertz
Proton−Proton Total Cross−Section Based On New Data of Colliders and Cosmic Rays
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2
33
33
2015-04-22
2015-04-22
10.11648/j.ijhep.20150202.12
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20150202.12
© Science Publishing Group
Development of SAM over Different Phenomenological Models for Better Explanation of Elastic Scattering
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20150202.11
The information on nuclear bulk properties such as shapes, size and interaction radius can be obtained by studying the elastic scattering phenomena. Absorption is the process through which particles are removed from the entrance channel. In this present work we have discussed different models, found out their ambiguities and finally arrived at SAM, because of which elastic scattering problem becomes simple and experimental data can be described without any knowledge about absorption mechanism.
The information on nuclear bulk properties such as shapes, size and interaction radius can be obtained by studying the elastic scattering phenomena. Absorption is the process through which particles are removed from the entrance channel. In this present work we have discussed different models, found out their ambiguities and finally arrived at SAM, because of which elastic scattering problem becomes simple and experimental data can be described without any knowledge about absorption mechanism.
Development of SAM over Different Phenomenological Models for Better Explanation of Elastic Scattering
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.20150202.11
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2015-03-15
© Science Publishing Group
Fahmida Sharmin
Md. Azizur Rahman
Development of SAM over Different Phenomenological Models for Better Explanation of Elastic Scattering
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2
26
26
2015-03-15
2015-03-15
10.11648/j.ijhep.20150202.11
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20150202.11
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Study of Higgs Phenomenology in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM)
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20150203.11
The theoretical and phenomenological aspects of the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) is reviewed. The model includes an additional gauge singlet S which generates the µ- term dynamically and the µ- problem in MSSM is solved. The different masses of seven Higgs bosons and the bounds of the mass parameters have been discussed.
The theoretical and phenomenological aspects of the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) is reviewed. The model includes an additional gauge singlet S which generates the µ- term dynamically and the µ- problem in MSSM is solved. The different masses of seven Higgs bosons and the bounds of the mass parameters have been discussed.
Study of Higgs Phenomenology in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM)
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.20150203.11
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2015-05-27
© Science Publishing Group
Partha Pratim Pal
Study of Higgs Phenomenology in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM)
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3
37
37
2015-05-27
2015-05-27
10.11648/j.ijhep.20150203.11
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20150203.11
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A Study of Fundamental Law of Thermal Radiation and Thermal Equilibrium Process
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20150203.12
The fundamental law of thermal equilibrium radiation includes two elements: the law of energy distribution of matter vibrators in the radiation field and the law of energy exchange between vibrators and the radiation field. This paper discovers the law of how vibrators stimulate and absorb radiation, by a study of the black-body radiation law and the characteristics of vibrators’ absorption of radiation. As for the fundamental law of thermal equilibrium radiation, its complete expression should be: the energy distribution of vibrators in the thermal equilibrium radiation field follows the energy distribution law by L. Boltzmann; the probability of vibrators’ stimulating radiation is directly proportional to their state of energy levels and that of their absorbing radiation is directly proportional to their energy distribution probability. The author, on the basis of the fundamental law of thermal radiation, proposes conditions for thermal equilibrium radiation and analyses the micro momentum theory and characteristics in the process of thermal equilibrium.
The fundamental law of thermal equilibrium radiation includes two elements: the law of energy distribution of matter vibrators in the radiation field and the law of energy exchange between vibrators and the radiation field. This paper discovers the law of how vibrators stimulate and absorb radiation, by a study of the black-body radiation law and the characteristics of vibrators’ absorption of radiation. As for the fundamental law of thermal equilibrium radiation, its complete expression should be: the energy distribution of vibrators in the thermal equilibrium radiation field follows the energy distribution law by L. Boltzmann; the probability of vibrators’ stimulating radiation is directly proportional to their state of energy levels and that of their absorbing radiation is directly proportional to their energy distribution probability. The author, on the basis of the fundamental law of thermal radiation, proposes conditions for thermal equilibrium radiation and analyses the micro momentum theory and characteristics in the process of thermal equilibrium.
A Study of Fundamental Law of Thermal Radiation and Thermal Equilibrium Process
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.20150203.12
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2015-05-27
© Science Publishing Group
Chen Dayou
A Study of Fundamental Law of Thermal Radiation and Thermal Equilibrium Process
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3
46
46
2015-05-27
2015-05-27
10.11648/j.ijhep.20150203.12
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20150203.12
© Science Publishing Group
Relativistic Treatment of Spinless Particles Subject to Modified Scarf II Potential
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20150204.12
We employ the parametric generalization of Nikiforov-Uvarov method to obtain the bound state solutions the relativistic Klein-Gordon equation under equal scalar and vector modified Scarf II potential. The energy eigenvalues and the corresponding wave functions expressed in term of Jacobi polynomial are equally obtained. Our results will have many applications in many branches of physics especially nuclear physics where it could be used in describing nuclei interactions .For further guide to interested readers, we have also provided numerical data which discuses the energy spectra.
We employ the parametric generalization of Nikiforov-Uvarov method to obtain the bound state solutions the relativistic Klein-Gordon equation under equal scalar and vector modified Scarf II potential. The energy eigenvalues and the corresponding wave functions expressed in term of Jacobi polynomial are equally obtained. Our results will have many applications in many branches of physics especially nuclear physics where it could be used in describing nuclei interactions .For further guide to interested readers, we have also provided numerical data which discuses the energy spectra.
Relativistic Treatment of Spinless Particles Subject to Modified Scarf II Potential
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.20150204.12
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2015-07-25
© Science Publishing Group
Akaninyene Daniel Antia
Ita Okon Akpan
Akaninyene Okon Akankpo
Relativistic Treatment of Spinless Particles Subject to Modified Scarf II Potential
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4
55
55
2015-07-25
2015-07-25
10.11648/j.ijhep.20150204.12
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20150204.12
© Science Publishing Group
Higgs Masses in a Renormalization-GroupImproved Non-Minimal Model of Supersymmetry
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20150204.11
We give a systematic study of Higgs masses in a non-minimal model of supersymmetry with renormalization group improvement for extended values of the parameters like tanβ , MC (the mass of charged Higgs) and Q (the squark mass scale), in the context of LHC experiments. Several new and interesting results are obtained.
We give a systematic study of Higgs masses in a non-minimal model of supersymmetry with renormalization group improvement for extended values of the parameters like tanβ , MC (the mass of charged Higgs) and Q (the squark mass scale), in the context of LHC experiments. Several new and interesting results are obtained.
Higgs Masses in a Renormalization-GroupImproved Non-Minimal Model of Supersymmetry
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.20150204.11
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2015-07-02
© Science Publishing Group
Partha Pratim Pal
Biswanath Ghosh
Higgs Masses in a Renormalization-GroupImproved Non-Minimal Model of Supersymmetry
2
4
49
49
2015-07-02
2015-07-02
10.11648/j.ijhep.20150204.11
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.20150204.11
© Science Publishing Group
The General Unitary Quantum Picture of the World
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.13
The present article discuses the problems of new Unitary Quantum Theory in its applications to the different aspects of the reality. There are spectacular examples of such applications. In new quantum picture of the world possible both creation and destruction to matters and on this base to solve all energy problems to civilizations.
The present article discuses the problems of new Unitary Quantum Theory in its applications to the different aspects of the reality. There are spectacular examples of such applications. In new quantum picture of the world possible both creation and destruction to matters and on this base to solve all energy problems to civilizations.
The General Unitary Quantum Picture of the World
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.13
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2015-06-10
© Science Publishing Group
Leo G. Sapogin
V. A. Dzhanibekov
Yu. A. Ryabov
The General Unitary Quantum Picture of the World
2
4
53
53
2015-06-10
2015-06-10
10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.13
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.13
© Science Publishing Group
The Unitary Unified Quantum Field Theory
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.12
The paper proposes a model of an unitary unified quantum field theory (UUQFT) where the particle is represented as a wave packet. The frequency dispersion equation is chosen so that the packet periodically appears and disappears without changing its form. The envelope of the process is identified with a conventional wave function. Equation of such a field is nonlinear and relativisti cally invariant. With proper adjustments, they are reduced to Dirac, Schrödinger and Hamilton-Jacobi equations. A number of new experimental effects are predicted both for high and low energies.
The paper proposes a model of an unitary unified quantum field theory (UUQFT) where the particle is represented as a wave packet. The frequency dispersion equation is chosen so that the packet periodically appears and disappears without changing its form. The envelope of the process is identified with a conventional wave function. Equation of such a field is nonlinear and relativisti cally invariant. With proper adjustments, they are reduced to Dirac, Schrödinger and Hamilton-Jacobi equations. A number of new experimental effects are predicted both for high and low energies.
The Unitary Unified Quantum Field Theory
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.12
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2015-06-10
© Science Publishing Group
Leo G. Sapogin
The Unitary Unified Quantum Field Theory
2
4
32
32
2015-06-10
2015-06-10
10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.12
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.12
© Science Publishing Group
Fundamental Equation, Commutation Relations and Relativistic Invariance at Unitary Quantum Theory
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.15
The present article discuses the problems of relativistic invariance and commutation relations at unitary quantum theory. The scalar analogue of the main (principal) equation of the unitary quantum theory together with the Poisson equation are solved numerically in this paper. The value of the electrical charge and also the fine-structure constant, are found, which are in good agreement with the experiment. The evaluation of the electrical form factor end the mass of such a particle is also carried out.
The present article discuses the problems of relativistic invariance and commutation relations at unitary quantum theory. The scalar analogue of the main (principal) equation of the unitary quantum theory together with the Poisson equation are solved numerically in this paper. The value of the electrical charge and also the fine-structure constant, are found, which are in good agreement with the experiment. The evaluation of the electrical form factor end the mass of such a particle is also carried out.
Fundamental Equation, Commutation Relations and Relativistic Invariance at Unitary Quantum Theory
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.15
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2015-06-18
© Science Publishing Group
Leo G. Sapogin
Victor A. Boichenko
Fundamental Equation, Commutation Relations and Relativistic Invariance at Unitary Quantum Theory
2
4
70
70
2015-06-18
2015-06-18
10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.15
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.15
© Science Publishing Group
Quark–Quark of Swap Electric Charge Bound State
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.11
We test the Electric Charged Swap (ECS) symmetry in the case of quarks. We propose a quark (q)- and an ECS-quark (q῀)-bound state, qq῀. We explain the electrically charged charmonium Z+c (3, 9) meson as a charm quark (c)- and charm ECS-quark (c῀)- nonrelativistic bound state (cc῀). We predict that J/ψ and π+ mesons are the decay products of a Z+c (3, 9), as it has been recently observed at the Beijing Electron Positron Collider (BES) III. Furthermore, from the charm ECS-quark (c῀) of mass 2,3GeV we predict two new mesons, an electrically charged charmed meson D¯*+(zm) and a neutral charmed meson D*0(zm).
We test the Electric Charged Swap (ECS) symmetry in the case of quarks. We propose a quark (q)- and an ECS-quark (q῀)-bound state, qq῀. We explain the electrically charged charmonium Z+c (3, 9) meson as a charm quark (c)- and charm ECS-quark (c῀)- nonrelativistic bound state (cc῀). We predict that J/ψ and π+ mesons are the decay products of a Z+c (3, 9), as it has been recently observed at the Beijing Electron Positron Collider (BES) III. Furthermore, from the charm ECS-quark (c῀) of mass 2,3GeV we predict two new mesons, an electrically charged charmed meson D¯*+(zm) and a neutral charmed meson D*0(zm).
Quark–Quark of Swap Electric Charge Bound State
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.11
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2015-06-10
© Science Publishing Group
E. Koorambas
Quark–Quark of Swap Electric Charge Bound State
2
4
7
7
2015-06-10
2015-06-10
10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.11
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.11
© Science Publishing Group
The Conflict between the Unitary Quantum Theory and the Special and General Relativity Theories
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.14
The authors discuss contradictions between the principal branches of the modern physical picture of the universe. Space and time have been shown in the Unitary Quantum Theory (UQT) not to be connected one with the other, unlike in the Special Theory of Relativity. In UQT, time becomes Newtonian again, and the growth of the particle's mass with growing speed proceeds from other considerations of physics. Unlike the quantum theory, the modern gravitation theory (the general theory of relativity) is not confirmed by experiments and needs to be considerably revised.
The authors discuss contradictions between the principal branches of the modern physical picture of the universe. Space and time have been shown in the Unitary Quantum Theory (UQT) not to be connected one with the other, unlike in the Special Theory of Relativity. In UQT, time becomes Newtonian again, and the growth of the particle's mass with growing speed proceeds from other considerations of physics. Unlike the quantum theory, the modern gravitation theory (the general theory of relativity) is not confirmed by experiments and needs to be considerably revised.
The Conflict between the Unitary Quantum Theory and the Special and General Relativity Theories
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.14
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2015-06-18
© Science Publishing Group
L. G. Sapogin
V. A. Dzhanibekov
M. A. Moкulsky
Yu. A. Ryabov
Yu. P. Savin
V. I. Utchastkin
The Conflict between the Unitary Quantum Theory and the Special and General Relativity Theories
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4
58
58
2015-06-18
2015-06-18
10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.14
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.14
© Science Publishing Group
Calculation of the Theoretical Mass Spectrum of Elementary Particles in Unitary Quantum Theory
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.16
The particle is represented by the wave packet in nonlinear space-time continuum. Because of dispersion, the packet periodically appears and disappears in movement and the envelope of the process coincides with the wave function. There was considered the partial differential equation of telegraph-type describing the motion of such wave packet in spherical coordinate space. There was constructed also the analytical solution of this equation and the integral over all space of square of the gradient was supposed being equal to the mass of the particle identified with the wave packet. As the solution depends on two parameter L,m being positive integer, it was possible to calculate our theoretical particle masses for different L,m. So, we have obtained the theoretical mass spectrum of elementary particles. The comparison with known experimental mass spectrum shows our calculated theoretical mass spectrum is sufficiently verisimilar.
The particle is represented by the wave packet in nonlinear space-time continuum. Because of dispersion, the packet periodically appears and disappears in movement and the envelope of the process coincides with the wave function. There was considered the partial differential equation of telegraph-type describing the motion of such wave packet in spherical coordinate space. There was constructed also the analytical solution of this equation and the integral over all space of square of the gradient was supposed being equal to the mass of the particle identified with the wave packet. As the solution depends on two parameter L,m being positive integer, it was possible to calculate our theoretical particle masses for different L,m. So, we have obtained the theoretical mass spectrum of elementary particles. The comparison with known experimental mass spectrum shows our calculated theoretical mass spectrum is sufficiently verisimilar.
Calculation of the Theoretical Mass Spectrum of Elementary Particles in Unitary Quantum Theory
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.16
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2015-06-23
© Science Publishing Group
Leo G. Sapogin
Yu. A. Ryabov
Calculation of the Theoretical Mass Spectrum of Elementary Particles in Unitary Quantum Theory
2
4
79
79
2015-06-23
2015-06-23
10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.16
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.16
© Science Publishing Group
A Quasi-Unitary Pre-Quantum Theory of Particles and Fields and Some Theoretical Implications
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.17
Through a phenomenological approach using the concept of sub-quantum fluid, the theory argues the possibility of a cold genesis of elementary particles and of fields, explaining the electro-magnetic and the gravitic fields by equations of ideal fluids applied to the subquantum and the quantum “primordial dark energy”. The possibility to explain the cold genesis of “dark” photons and of “dark” elementary particles is obtained by a CF -chiral soliton model of lepton, resulted as vortex of „primordial dark energy”, respective- as Bose-Einstein condensate of gammonic (e+-e-)-pairs confined in a very strong magnetic field, in the Protouniverse’s period of time. This possibility results by a model of primordial ‘gravistar’ with a self-growing property given by the confining of “primordial dark energy” into “dark photons” and into “dark particles” by a “vortex cascade” mechanism induced by its magnetic field and gravitationally sustained. The supposed primordial “big bang” of the Universe results as a period of gravistars transforming into magnetars, supernovae and into (micro) quasars. The resulted model of expanding Universe gives a semi-sinusoidal variation of the expansion speed. The approach, even if does not propose an enough unitary equation of the known basic fields, it explains naturally the fundamental interactions, by the same basic concept.
Through a phenomenological approach using the concept of sub-quantum fluid, the theory argues the possibility of a cold genesis of elementary particles and of fields, explaining the electro-magnetic and the gravitic fields by equations of ideal fluids applied to the subquantum and the quantum “primordial dark energy”. The possibility to explain the cold genesis of “dark” photons and of “dark” elementary particles is obtained by a CF -chiral soliton model of lepton, resulted as vortex of „primordial dark energy”, respective- as Bose-Einstein condensate of gammonic (e+-e-)-pairs confined in a very strong magnetic field, in the Protouniverse’s period of time. This possibility results by a model of primordial ‘gravistar’ with a self-growing property given by the confining of “primordial dark energy” into “dark photons” and into “dark particles” by a “vortex cascade” mechanism induced by its magnetic field and gravitationally sustained. The supposed primordial “big bang” of the Universe results as a period of gravistars transforming into magnetars, supernovae and into (micro) quasars. The resulted model of expanding Universe gives a semi-sinusoidal variation of the expansion speed. The approach, even if does not propose an enough unitary equation of the known basic fields, it explains naturally the fundamental interactions, by the same basic concept.
A Quasi-Unitary Pre-Quantum Theory of Particles and Fields and Some Theoretical Implications
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.17
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2015-07-23
© Science Publishing Group
Marius Arghirescu
A Quasi-Unitary Pre-Quantum Theory of Particles and Fields and Some Theoretical Implications
2
4
103
103
2015-07-23
2015-07-23
10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.17
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.17
© Science Publishing Group
The Physics of Mass Gap Problem in the General Field Theory Framework
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.18
We develop the gauge theory introduced by Ning Wu with two Yang-Mills fields adjusted to make the mass term invariant. In the specific representation there arise quantum massive and classical massless no-Abelian vector modes and the gauge interaction terms. The suggested model will return into two different Yang-Mills gauge field models. Next, we focus on calculating `the meet of the propagators' of those quantum massive and classical massless vector fields with respects to the double Yang-Mills limit. We demonstrate that our proposed version of the Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) predicts mass gap Δ > 0 for the compact simple gauge group SU (3). This provides a solution to the second part of the Yang-Mills problem.
We develop the gauge theory introduced by Ning Wu with two Yang-Mills fields adjusted to make the mass term invariant. In the specific representation there arise quantum massive and classical massless no-Abelian vector modes and the gauge interaction terms. The suggested model will return into two different Yang-Mills gauge field models. Next, we focus on calculating `the meet of the propagators' of those quantum massive and classical massless vector fields with respects to the double Yang-Mills limit. We demonstrate that our proposed version of the Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) predicts mass gap Δ > 0 for the compact simple gauge group SU (3). This provides a solution to the second part of the Yang-Mills problem.
The Physics of Mass Gap Problem in the General Field Theory Framework
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.18
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2015-08-08
© Science Publishing Group
E. Koorambas
The Physics of Mass Gap Problem in the General Field Theory Framework
2
4
111
111
2015-08-08
2015-08-08
10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.18
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.18
© Science Publishing Group
Mutual Proof of Cosmic Medium and Hubble Law
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.19
This paper proposes that the cosmic space is microscopically of granular lattice structure and the granular meta-space is called positive hole. The cosmic space which is microscopically of granular lattice structure is called quantum space. It is similar to elastic ether. We suppose the hole and the cosmic space consisting of holes are characteristic of physical elastic deformation. By introducing the constant of nuclear density and establishing the wave equation of static gravitation field, we have, for the first time, obtained the elasticity mould k of the quantum space and the mass density ρ.This paper proposes the universal concept of volume energy. Based on this, this thesis attempts to prove, in accordance with the new discoveries in the field of modern cosmology and the identity principle between space and matter, that the Hubble Law is the direct evidence for the existence of cosmic medium. In reverse, by analyzing the Hubble Law in light of dynamics according to the physical features of cosmic medium, we set forth the argument that the existence of cosmic medium and the Hubble Law support each other.
This paper proposes that the cosmic space is microscopically of granular lattice structure and the granular meta-space is called positive hole. The cosmic space which is microscopically of granular lattice structure is called quantum space. It is similar to elastic ether. We suppose the hole and the cosmic space consisting of holes are characteristic of physical elastic deformation. By introducing the constant of nuclear density and establishing the wave equation of static gravitation field, we have, for the first time, obtained the elasticity mould k of the quantum space and the mass density ρ.This paper proposes the universal concept of volume energy. Based on this, this thesis attempts to prove, in accordance with the new discoveries in the field of modern cosmology and the identity principle between space and matter, that the Hubble Law is the direct evidence for the existence of cosmic medium. In reverse, by analyzing the Hubble Law in light of dynamics according to the physical features of cosmic medium, we set forth the argument that the existence of cosmic medium and the Hubble Law support each other.
Mutual Proof of Cosmic Medium and Hubble Law
doi:10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.19
International Journal of High Energy Physics
2015-09-02
© Science Publishing Group
Chen Dayou
Mutual Proof of Cosmic Medium and Hubble Law
2
4
118
118
2015-09-02
2015-09-02
10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.19
http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=124&doi=10.11648/j.ijhep.s.2015020401.19
© Science Publishing Group